This introductory text assumes little prior scientific knowledge on the part of the student. It includes sufficient information for some shorter introductory botany courses open to both majors and nonmajors, and is arranged so that certain sections can be omitted without disrupting the overall continuity of the course. Stern emphasizes current interests while presenting basic botanical principles. This latest edition incorporates measurable learning outcomes and updated readings. Students will be introduced to the new classification of plants and plant-related species, integration of biotechnology into several chapters and inclusion of new text boxes addressing the areas of ecology, evolution and molecular biology. New photos have replaced older pictures or have been added also.
With this edition we introduce McGraw-Hill Connect' Botany, a web-based assignment and assessment platform that gives students the means to better connect with their coursework, with their instructors, and with the important concepts that they will need to know for success now and in the future. With McGraw-Hill Connect Botany, instructors can deliver interactive assignments, quizzes and tests online. Nearly all the questions from the text are presented in an autogradable format and tied to the text's learning objectives.
New to this edition
The fourteenth edition is an exciting one, with dozens of new/replacement photographs and updates in the text to make it a modern textbook with great new topics. Most of the major changes in the book have been made as a result of new discoveries and technologies in plant biology. This edition still retains the hallmark style and pedagogy that make it one of the most enduring and popular introductory plant biology books on the market, and it now has a more contemporary look and presentation style. All chapters incorporate measurable learning outcomes and updated additional readings.
For instructors using Internet resources such as Connect and the textbook website offered by McGraw-Hill. all learning outcomes are directly tied to assessment within the question and test banks. With encouragement from reviewers, the new material has been eloquently incorporated directly into the textbook narrative and as text boxes, to provide a blend of historically important principles as well as modern developments in plant biology. Some of the more interesting components that make this fourteenth edition more accurate and up-to-date with our current understanding of plant biology include:
Chapter 1 (What Is Plant Biology?): The scientific method section has been extensively revised. The Plant Biology and the Internet text box has been updated with information about how the Internet has affected the scientific community.
Chapter 2 (The Nature of Life): New examples have been added and text has been updated and revised for clarity.
Chapter 3 (Cells): Several photographs have been replaced with higher-quality images.
Chapter 4 (Tissues): The introduction has been rewritten in language relevant to today's college students. A flowchart has been added to show how meristems give rise to tissues. Trichomes have been defined and added to the index.
Chapter 5 (Roots and Soils): The soil profile caption has been enhanced.
Chapter 6 (Stems): The caption for the cover image has been expanded.
Chapter 7 (Leaves): Some discussion on incorporation of plant pigments in photovoltaic cells has been added to the introduction.
Chapter 8 (Flowers, Fruits, and Seeds): The role of respiration in seed germination is described in more detail.
Chapter 9 (Water in Plants): The description of active transport has been revised.
Chapter 10 (Plant Metabolism): A more straightforward introduction is provided at the beginning of the chapter.
Chapter 11 (Growth and Development): The distinction between determinate and indeterminate growth has been clarified. The caption for the photograph on photoperiodism has been expanded.
Chapter 12 (Meiosis and Alternation of Generations): The introduction has been re-written to describe the consequences of meiosis and how it results in variability when farmers save seeds from hybrid crops. The distinction between x (ploidy) and n (gametophyte versus sporophyte generation) has been clarified. The idea that the sporophyte becomes more dominant in advanced plant lineages is introduced.
Chapter 13 (Genetics and Molecular Biology): The description of a DNA molecule has been enhanced. The description of 2n gametes has been expanded. The role of the monohybrid cross in illustrating the law of segregation is discussed. A section has been added to describe genetic engineering technologies to develop herbicide-resistant plants.
Chapter 14 (Plant Breeding, Propagation, and Biotechnology): A new text box on "genome editing," as a clever method for recombinant DNA technology with end less possibilities, has been added to the chapter. Additional updates on transgenic plants and rewording of the text has also been completed to make the content more current.
Chapter 15 (Evolution): Some strategic rewording of the text was done to provide a more straightforward presentation of evolutionary concepts.
Chapter 16 (Plant Names and Classification): More precise information is presented to show the global estimate of existing species to he about 8.7 million, and some other tactful changes were made in the text to bring it up to date.
Chapter 17 (Domain (Kingdom) Bacteria, Domain (Kingdom) Archaea. and Viruses): Sonic of the information on human diseases (such as AIDS and tuberculosis), as well as human uses of archaebacteria (such as methane production) has been updated. Additionally, a text box on cyanobacteria and algae blooms has been added to the chapter to show the huge impact algae can have on ecosystems.
Chapter 18 (Kingdom Protista): Two important and innovative text boxes have been added to this chapter－one on green plant phylogeny and another on biofuels made from algae. The text box on green plant phylogeny, in particular, is an exciting new topic presented to introduce readers to the new approaches being used in taxonomy using DNA technology. Other modifications have also been made to this chapter to focus on the basic differences among life cycles and how these can be used to describe and distinguish among the algae phyla.
Chapter 19 (Kingdom Fungi): More direct language was incorporated into this chapter to make concepts easier to understand. A great new picture of a puffball was also added to the chapter.
Chapter 20 (Introduction to the Plant Kingdom: Bryophytes): Antheridiophores and archegoniophores have been more accurately described and pointed out in one of the figures. Additionally, the important feature of hornworts having stomata has been added to the section on Phylum Anthocerophyta.
Chapter 21 (The Seedless Vascular Plants: Ferns and Their Relatives): The concept that seedless vascular plants are sporophyte dominant, and the spores produced germinate into a free-living gametophye generation, is emphasized at the beginning of the chapter. More direct language was also incorporated into this chapter to make it more straightforward.
Chapter 22 (Introduction to Seed Plants: Gymnosperms): The phrase "common ancestor" is introduced in this chapter to convey the more modern approach to plant classification using DNA technology. New information is also presented on the production of paclitaxel (also known by its trade name Taxol) from new lines (derived from tissue culture) of yew trees.
Chapter 23 (Seed Plants: Angiosperms): More direct language was incorporated into this chapter to make it more straightforward and easier to understand.
Chapter 26 (Biomes): Some of the climatological data and specific information about biomes have been updated.
Appendix 2 (Biological Controls): The introduction has been rewritten to discuss the consequences of improper use of pesticides. The section on the use of resistant plant varieties has been updated. The section on the control of weeds has also been updated.
Appendix 4 (House Plants and Home Gardening): This appendix has been extensively updated. New information is presented on LED lights, transplanting of seedlings, direct seeding, temperature and seed germination, the effect of overwatering on root growth, fertilizer application, pest control, and inoculation of soil with Rhizobia.
Table of Contents
1 What Is Plant Biology?
2 The Nature of Life
5 Roots and Soils
8 Flowers, Fruits, and Seeds
9 Water in Plants
10 Plant Metabolism
11 Growth and Development
12 Meiosis and Alternation of Generations
13 Genetics and Molecular Biology
14 Plant Breeding, Propagation, and Biotechnology
16 Plant Names and Classification
17 Domain (Kingdom) Bacteria, Domain (Kingdom) Archaea, and Viruses
18 Kingdom Protista
19 Kingdom Fungi
20 Introduction to the Plant Kingdom: Bryophytes
21 The Seedless Vascular Plants: Ferns and Their Relatives
22 Introduction to Seed Plants: Gymnosperms
23 Seed Plants: Angiosperms
24 Flowering Plants and Civilization
Appendix 1 Scientific Names of Organisms Mentioned in the Text
Appendix 2 Biological Controls
Appendix 3 Useful and Poisonous Plants, Fungi, and Algae
Appendix 4 House Plants and Home
Appendix 5 Metric Equivalents and Conversion Tables
James E. Bidlack teaches at the University of Central Oklahoma. Shelley H. Jansky teaches at the University of Wisconsin - Madison.
Kingsley Stern is currently Professor Emeritus of Botany at California State University, Chico. He received his Ph.D. in botany from the University of Minnesota. He is a member of the Botanical Society of America, American Society of Plant Taxonomists, and the California Botanical Society.